Delivering solid user friendly software solutions since the dawn of time.

Azure Adventure 

Categories: Azure

Things to happen when trying to use Azure for the first time... (even though it seems negative, I am pro)

  • Needed to sign-up 4 times, I guess it was an issue with the i in my name vs I on my msdn.


  • First creation of website dissappeared.
  • Was not able to rename my second creation.
  • Deployed website from template (And now uploading extra files? Ftp? Git?)
  • You need to add deployment user.
  • Uploading with FTP is pretty slow. Probably because I was uploading to US. Ok first test works on azure only on wrong location.
  • gmail sending was blocked and suspiciously coming from USA while site should be in west europe?


  • My strong password was not accepted because some of the start letters where the same.
  • When trying to manage firewall issues. The current IP address is not included in existing firewall rules. Do you want to update the firewall rules in order to manage... (Log on to the Windows Azure Management Portal. In the navigation pane on the left, expand your subscription, and then select your SQL Database server by clicking it. In the center pane, view the server-level firewall settings for the selected SQL Database server by clicking Firewall Rules.)
  • Import DB needs storage account, and the azure documentation links to Azure MMC module that is not longer maintained (http://wapmmc.codeplex.com) but the other projects still seems to be there: http://azurestorageexplorer.codeplex.com/
  • A bacpac file is not a sql .bak file (http://sqldacexamples.codeplex.com/)
  • BACPAC files are Data-Tier Applications (aka DAC) packages which are essentially ZIPs that contain an XML representation of the schema and the actual table data stored in JSON format: Tasks -> Extract Data-tier Application -> Gives a dac not a bac  (http://blog.dotsmart.net/2012/10/09/backing-up-appharbor-databases-using-bacpacs/)
  • Use Management Studio 2012 (Uploading with wizard gives plenty of errors. All tables need clustered indexes. eg. ws_discount)

Virtual Machines

  • Signing up for virtual machines, networks and mobile services is separate.
  • Linux VM with meteor - Putty install: http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~sgtatham/putty/download.html - sudo curl https://install.meteor.com | /bin/sh - meteor create --example leaderboard - cd leaderboard - meteor (will init mongo database on startup of application)
  • Virtual Machines –> Meteor –> Endpoints section in the Azure management portal, and add a TCP end point for port 3000 (myproject.cloudapp.net:3000)


And then internet hit me... no more internet connection... not even 3G I could thetter over to my laptop... nothing... not at my place not at the neighbours and friends... for hours and no support from customer service... the whole internet grid of flanders kaboem :) ... (edit: it turned out there were some major prodiver issues in flanders, belgium) 

Code First 

Categories: EF

O'Reilly's Programming Entity Framework - Code First

By Julia Lerman & Rowan Miller

  • Table name will be plural of class name created with dbo schema.
  • Column names same as properties they map to.
  • Strings are mapped to nvarchar(max)
  • Byte[] is mapped to varbinary(max)
  • Bool to bit not null
  • A class must have a key property (default named Id or typenameId)
  • One-to-Many Relationships with foreign key [Name of navigation property]_[Primary key of related class]
  • Foreign keys are nullable by convention.
  • In memory metadata created from code or EDMX model (System.Data.Metadata.Edm)
  • Only use DetectChanges if needed for performance tuning.

Data Annotations (System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations) vs Fluent API (modelBuilder.Entity<AnimalType>())


[Table("Species", Schema="baga")]
this.ToTable("Species", "baga");

this.Property(d => d.Nam).HasColumnName("LocationName");

this.HasKey(t => t.Guid);

this.Property(p => p.TypeName).IsRequired();

[MinLength(10), MaxLength(500)]
this.Property(p => p.Description).HasMaxLength(500); (no min available)

this.Property(d => d.Photo).HasColumnType("image");

this.Property(t => t.Guid).HasDatabaseGeneratedOption(DatabaseGeneratedOption.Identity);

[Timestamp] must be a byte[]
this.Property(t => t.TimeStamp).IsRowVersion();

this.Property(t => t.SocialSecurityNumber).IsConcurrencyToken();


modelBuilder.Entity<User>().HasRequired(a => a.BillingAddress).WithMany().HasForeignKey(u => u.BillingAddressId);

modelBuilder.Entity<PersonPhoto>().HasRequired(p => p.PhotoOf).WithRequiredDependent(p => p.Photo);

modelBuilder.Entity<Lodging>().HasOptional(l => l.PrimaryContact).WithMany(p => p.PrimaryContactFor);

this.Property(t => t.SomeAscii).IsUnicode(false);

this.Property(t => t.SomeMiles).HasPrecision(8,1);


Ignore(d => d.TodayForecast);
  • By default, Code First will create the database only if it doesn't already exist.
  • Complex types have no key property, can only contain primitive properties and when used as a property in another class, the property must represent a single instance. It cannot be a collection type. [HostPropertyName_PropertyName]
  • Entity.Has[Multiplicity](Property).With[Multiplicity](Property)
  • .HasOptional, .HasRequired, .HasMany + WithOptional, WithRequired, WithMany
  • [Target Type Key Name], [Target Type Name] + [Target Type Key Name], [Navigation Property Name] + [Target Type Key Name]
var tripWithActivities = context.Trips.Include("Activities").FirstOrDefault();

Table splitting

Entity splitting
Map(m => { m.Properties(d => new { d.Name, d.Country, d.Description }); m.ToTable("Locations"); });
Map(m => { m.Properties(d => new { d.Photo }); m.ToTable("LocationPhotos"); });
  • For protected and private properties, the configuration class must be nested inside the class that is part of the model.
  • The setter can be marked with a more restrictive accessor, but the getter must remain public for the property to be mapped automatically. (not supported in medium trust because of reflection)
public class Person
public int PersonId { get; set; }
private string Name { get; set; }

public class PersonConfig : EntityTypeConfiguration<Person>
public PersonConfig()
Property(b => b.Name);

public string GetName()
return this.Name;

public static Person CreatePerson(string name)
return new Person { Name = name };
modelbuilder.Configuration.Add(new Person.PersonConfig());

public string FullName
get { return String.Format("{0}{1}",FirstName.Trim(), LastName); }

Table per hierarchy (TPH) describes mapping inherited types to a single database table that uses a discriminator column to differentiate one subtype from another. This is default for Entity Framework. (nvarchar(128), not null containing the type name)

  • Map(m => { m.ToTable("Lodgings"); m.Requires("LodgingType").HasValue("Standard"); });
  • Map<Resort>(m => { m.Requires("LodgingType").HasValue("Resort"); });
  • Map(m => { m.ToTable("Lodgings"); m.Requires("IsResort").HasValue(false); });
  • Map<Resort>(m => { m.Requires("IsResort").HasValue(true); });

Table per type (TPT) only stores properties for base class in a single table. Additional properties are stored in separate table.

  • modelBuilder.Entity<Resort>().ToTable("Resorts");
  • modelBuilder.Entity<Lodging>().Map<Resort>(m => { m.ToTable("Resorts"); });

Table per concrete type (TPC) stores all the properties for each type in a separate table. Map inheritance to tables with common overlapping fields.

  • modelBuilder.Entity<Lodging>().Map(m => { m.Table("Lodgings"); }).Map<Resort>(m => { m.ToTable("Resorts"); m.MapInheritedProperties(); } );

Mapping foreign keys

  • HasRequired(l => l.Destination).WithMany(d => d.Lodgings).Map(c => c.MapKey("destination_id"));
  • HasRequired(l => l.Destination).WithMany(d => d.Lodgings).Map(c => c.MapKey("destination_id").ToTable("LodgingInfo"));
  • HasMany(t => t.Activities).WithMany(a => a.Trips).Map(c => c.ToTable("TripActivities"));
  • HasMany(t => t.Activities).WithMany(a => a.Trips).Map(c => { c.ToTable("TripActivities"); c.MapLeftKey("TripIdentifier"); c.MapRightKey("ActivityId"); });
  • MapLeftKey affects the foreign key column that points to the class being configured!


// you need to take care of disposing the connection unless your context owns the connection (property)
using (var connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
using (var db = new MyDbContext(connection)) { ... }
using (var dbUsingSameConnection = new MyDbContext(connection)) { ... }
  • SqlConnectionFactory : IDbConnectionFactory
  • Database.DefaultConnectionFactory = new SqlCeConnectionFactory("System.Data.SqlServerCe.4.0");

Initialization is triggered the first time that the context is used. Initialization occurs lazily.

  • Database.SetInitializer(new DropCreateDatabaseIfModelChanges<BreakAwayContext>());
  • Database.SetInitializer(new CreateDatabaseIfNotExists<BreakAwayContext>());
  • Database.SetInitializer(new DropCreateDatabaseAlways<BreakAwayContext>()); // use system.Transactions.TransactionScope if you have a lot of integration tests
  • EFCodeFirst.CreateTablesOnly nuget package
using (var context = new BreakAwayContext())
context.Database.Initialize(force: false);
catch (Exception ex) { ... }
Database.SetInitializer(null); // do not magically create a database
<add key="DatabaseInitializerForType DataAccess.BreakAwayContext, DataAccess" value="Disabled" />

public class PromptForDropCreateDatabaseWhenModelChanges<TContext> : IDatabaseInitializer<TContext> where TContext : DbContext
public void InitializeDatabase(TContext context)
var exists = context.Database.Exists();
if (exists && context.Database.CompatibleWithModel(true)) return;
if (exists)
// prompt

public class DropCreateBreakAwayWithSeedData : DropCreateDatabaseAlways<BreakAwayContext>
protected override void Seed(BreakAwayContext context)
context.Database.ExecuteSqlCommand("CREATE INDEX IX_Lodgings_Name ON Lodgings (Name)");
context.Destinations.Add(new Destination { Name = "foo" });

Mapping to Updatable views

Using views to populate objects

var destinations = context.Destinations.SqlQuery(@"SELECT Id AS DestinationId, Name FROM dbo.TopTenDestinations");

public class DestinationSummary
public int DestinationId { get; set; }
public string Name { get; set; }
public int ResortCount { get; set; }
var summary = context.Database.SqlQuery<DestinationSummary>("SELECT * FROM dbo.DestinationSummaryView");

Stored Procedures

var country = "Belgium";
var keywords ="sun, yeahright";
var destinations = context.Database.SqlQuery<DestinationSummary>("dbo.GetDestinationSummary @p0, @p1", country, keywords);

Removing Conventions

  • modelBuilder.Conventions.Remove<OneToManyCascadeDeleteConvention>();

Model Caching

  • Using the same DbCompiledModel to create contexts against different types of database servers is not supported. Instead, create a separate DbCompiledModel for each type of server being used.

var sql_model = GetBuilder().Build(new DbProviderInfo("System.Data.SqlClient", "2008")).Compile();
var context = new BreakAwayContext (connection, sql_model);
public static DbModelBuilder GetBuilder()
var builder = new DbModelBuilder();
return builder;

EdmMetadata Table

  • Snapshot of your model as a SHA256 hash.
  • var modelHash = EdmMetadata.TryGetModelHash(context);
  • var databaseHash = context.Set<EdmMetadata>().Single().ModelHash;
  • var compatible = context.Database.CompatibleWithModel(throwIfNoMetadata:true);
  • modelBuilder.Conventions.Remove<IncludeMetadataConvention>();


Multiple objects sets per type are not supported 

Categories: EF

You copy and pasted a DbSet and then you forget to rename the type...

This error occurs if your DbContext class exposes multiple DbSet<T> properties where T occurs more than once. Entitfy framework is not able to figure out which DbSet an instance of type T belongs to.

public DbSet<Course> Courses { get; set; }
public DbSet<Course> Chapters { get; set; }

Database diagram support objects cannot be installed because this database does not have a valid owner 

Categories: SQL Server

Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio
Database diagram support objects cannot be installed because this database does not have a valid owner. To continue, first use the Files page of the Database Properties dialog box or the ALTER AUTHORIZATION statement to set the database owner to a valid login, then add the database diagram support objects.


  1. Right Click on your database, choose properties
  2. Goto the Files
  3. Change the owner textbox to "sa"
  4. Press OK

Git Fundamentals - Notes 

Categories: Tortoise

by James Kovacs


  • Git created by Linus Torvalds, who also created Linux (because Bit-Keeper started asking him money)
  • Written in Perl and C

Advantages of DVCS

  • Different topologies (centralized, hierarchical, distributed)
  • Each clone is a full backup
  • Reliable branching/merging
  • Full local history (statistics, analyze regressions)
  • Deployment



  • brew install git
  • DMG (http://git-scm.com/download/mac)


  • sudo apt-get install git-core (Debian/Ubuntu)
  • yum install git-core


git --version
git config --system (c:\Program Files\Git\etc\gitconfig)
git config --global (c:\Users\user\.gitconfig)
git config (stored in .git/config in each repo)

git config --global --list
git config --global help.autocorrect 1 (corrects your mispelled command)
git config --global color.ui auto
git config --global core.autocrlf true|false|input

git init

git status
git add foo.txt
git commit -m "my text"

git log

git diff dd6819..a15ec6
git diff HEAD~1..HEAD (~1 is one back from head revision)

git add -u (only adds updated files)
git add -A (all even untracked)

git checkout foo.txt (revert changes)
git reset --hard (revert all to head)
git reset --soft HEAD~1 (reorganize version)

git clean -n|-f (remove)


git clone https://foo.repo
git log --oneline | wc=1
git shortlog -sne (short name include number of commits and email)

git remote -v (where does the source come from)

git branch -r (include remote branches)

git remote add origin https://apullrequest
git fetch
git log origin/master
git merge origin/master
git branch -r

git branch --set-upstream master origin/master
git pull (shortcut of fetching and merging from an origin)
git remote add origin git@github.com:JamesKovacs/GitFundamentals.git (uses ssh key)
git push

git tag v1.0
git tag -a v1.0_with_message
git tag -s v1.0_signed
git push --tags


  • https 80/443 https://github.com/jquery/jquery.git
  • git 9418 git://github.com/jquery/jquery.git
  • ssh 22 git@github.com:jquery/jquery.git
  • file n/a filepath

Branching, Merging, and Rebasing with Git

git log --graph --oneline --all --decorate
git config --global alias.lga "log --graph --oneline --all --decorate"
git lga
git reflog (about 30 days to get delete back)
git stash (rollback pending changes)
git stash list
git stash apply
git stash pop (apply and remove)
git stash drop
git stash branch 'feature2_additional'

git mergetool (eg. KDiff3, BeyondCompare)
git checkout bug1234
git rebase master
git rebase --continue

git branch v1.0_fixes v1.0
git checkout v1.0_fixes
git commit -am "Added fix1"
git commit -am "Added fix2"
git checkout master
git cherry-pick 6fa4324

git fetch origin master
git push
git push origin v1.0_fixes


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